There are over 43 different species of dolphins belonging to the dolphin family.
Three of the most commonly known is the Killer Whale, Common bottlenose dolphin and the Amazon river dolphin. How ever there are much more.
Dolphins are incredibly smart creatures. Of one they one of the only animals that understand that they are being them selves in a mirror. (Other animals humans, some great apes, elephants and magpies) It is not one hundred percent confirmed but most believe they can due to experiments done with mirrors.
In this video, you can see a dolphin checking themselves out in the mirror a habit that is never displayed when meeting other dolphins.
Dolphins form extremely strong bonds withintheir pod and are very curious.
Some can leap up to 9  meters (30feet) into the air and can dive to a depth of 300 meters (990 feet). Most dolphins are a greyish blue and skin sensitive to human touch.
Dolphins do not use their teeth to eat even though they have 100 of them. Their main use is to help the dolphin catch and swallow the fish whole. Dolphins often eat up to 13 kilos (30 pounds) of fish per day.
Dolphins are highly social animals that live in pods of 2 to 30 though this number varies greatly depending on the location and species. Some can form a superposed of more than 1000 in food abundant regions. They work together to surround schools of fish balling them up. Taking turns to plough through the middle taking their share of food.
There are three common types of pod groups
Nursery group
Female and their calves gather in these groups to raise their offspring which will often stay until they are around 6 to 8 years old learning and bonding. If a female becomes pregnant they will return to their natal pod to give birth with her female relatives. Males don’t normally get close to these groups and leave them alone.
Juvenile pods
At a certain age, both genders leave their breeding group and join other young dolphins. They engage in socialising with others and establishing a preamble to mate. And if a female becomes pregnant she will join the nursery group.
Teenage males have been videoed playing a throwing game with blower fish poisonous to them for entertainment. They often squeeze them to experience a drug like high sensation unfortunately if they squeeze too much it can kill them.
Adult Male groups
The structure of these groups are very complex and are rather similar
to a human male group. Often males related to 2 or 3 others will join together to cooperate. Two males may stay together for 10, 15 or even 20 consecutive years.
Dolphins communicate with their pod through complex whistles. Each dolphin has a unique whistle that others use to identifytheir group members.
This is just a small insight into the amazing world of dolphins.
All this information comes from responsible websites and they deserve the credit for their great effort and research they put into understanding Dolphins.Unknownkiller-whale_000


The Aye-aye is an amazing animal that can only be found in Madagascar. They don’t look like primates at first but they are actually related to both chimpanzees, apes and humans.

They are rare nocturnal animals and spend their days in a nest of leaves and branches making them hard to spot as they blend well into the dark surroundings. Aye-ayes have sharp claws that they use to cling to the trees. They are usually dark brown or black and have large eyes, sensitive ears and a bushy tail larger than their body which keeps them balanced. Their most distinctive feature is a long slender finger.
Aye-ayes’ spend their entire lives in the rain forest tree tops and are rarely seen on the ground.

When hungry the aye-aye will tap its long finger on the trees and listen for wood-boring insect larvae moving underneath the bark. It then uses the same finger to fish them out. They will also supplement their diet with fruit.

Many native people of Madagascar consider the Aye-aye to be bad luck and will kill them when sighted. With hunting and habitat destruction mean that they are critically endangered. They are now protected by law in an effect to save their species.




Mendenhall Ice Caves, Alaska

The Mendenhall Ice Caves are found in the Mendenhall Glacier, the 12 miles (19km) long mass of ice is found in Juneau Alaska. It is a popular tourist attraction, however, few visitors actually see inside it. Which is a shame considering the sights within.
The Ice Caves are an amazing place but they won’t be around for much longer as they have started to melt due to the globe rise in temperatures. But As it melts the water is carving more caves into its interior, creating turquoise-toned worlds which are every changing. So its kind of a win, loose situation.
You don’t, however, want to visit if you are not an adventurer. To get to the Ice Cave requires a Kayak ride or long hike and ice climb no to mention the threat of the caves collapsing. But it is all worth it to get a glimpse of the incredible landscapes once there.

Venus Flytrap

Scientific Name: Dionaea muscipula

The Venus Flytrap is a carnivores planet. This means that it eats meat. They are very peculiar as they have no brain, nervous system or muscles and yet are able to trap and swallow insects.

The Venus flytrap attracts its food (insects) by covering its leaves in nectar. If an insect lands on its leaf it is safe for it to eat as long as it does not trigger 2 of the 6 tiny hairs on the leaf in a 20 second period. If they do touch them an electrical signal will run through the leaves and they will snap shut in a fraction of a second, trapping the insect. It has special tips at the end of the leaf that closes to gather like prison bars making it extremely difficult for anything to escape.

To eat its victim it secretes digestive juices from its leaves, much like our stomachs, which dissolve the soft inner parts of the insect. Once it has digested everything the trap reabsorbs the fluid and after ten days the trap reopens. All that remains of the insect is its case/shell.

They also get nutrients from gases in the air as well as nutrients from the soil. However, they live in very poor soil and so have to revert to insects to get everything they need.

Prehensile-tailed Porcupine

The prehensile-tailed porcupine is one of the 12 species of New World porcupines and is native to South American forests.

Prehensile-tailed porcupines are quite different to North American porcupines. The major difference is its’ prehensile tail (obviously). Their tail serves as a fifth limb, which allows them to move throughout the canopy ( the uppermost branches of trees in a forest) easily and also have strong claws to help them climb as they are almost entirely arboreal (tree-dwelling). They have short, thick quills that cover their body which ranges from a yellowish colour to black. Prehensile-tailed porcupines weigh 2 to 5 kilogrammes (4 to 11 pounds) and have a life span of 12 to 17 years. Prehensile-tailed porcupines are also only 1/4 of the weight of their North American brethren.

To protect themselves from predators they like to bite and shake their quills but do not shoot their quills. They also curl up to protect their underbelly which is vulnerable as it is soft and has no quills. Prehensile Porcupine’s are very calm docile creatures and will often flee when faced with danger.

Prehensile-tailed porcupines are herbivores. That eat flowers, leaves, roots and shoots. They also eat cambium layers found beneath the bark of certain trees.
To communicate they make a variety of sounds, which include moans, whines, grunts, coughs, shrieks, barks and wails and when excited or threatened they stamp their hind feet in an attempt to frighten their attackers.
They are nocturnal and sleeps in holes in tree trunks or shaded areas of the canopy and only at night does it forage for food.

Prehensile-tailed porcupine, what a mouth full.
I myself have seen a baby prehensile-tailed porcupine in the amazon rain forest in Peru when on a night walk while staying in a lodge. (it was amazing and so adorable).

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